Performance improved parting-off

The Guhring 222 in action
The Guhring 222 in action

Gühring has expanded its grooving and parting-off range to include a new grade with a blade width of 3mm for parting-off stainless steel materials.

The System 222 expansion adds to the existing indexable inserts for steel materials. With two cutting edges and a length of 22mm, the new indexable insert is ideally suited for parting-off the most common bar diameters.

The enhanced series also offers an extensive range of clamping holders with and without an internal coolant facility. Many production facilities use a mixture of steel and stainless steel materials, with a particular increase in use of the latter. This has been created by elevated demand in the medical technology, automotive and general mechanical engineering sectors where machinists continually encounter stainless and other difficult-to-machine materials.

With this rise in demand and following the successful launch of the 3mm indexable insert for steel machining, Gühring has now developed an insert for stainless steel machining. In series production, this new indexable insert is ideal for parting-off operations on turning centres with a bar feed system.

The Guhring 222 Toolholder
The Guhring 222 Toolholder

As parting-off is frequently the last application in a machining cycle, process reliability is critical. If the tool breaks, the finished component could be damaged at the point where it is at its most valuable after significant machining time. This is why it is important to use an insert with geometry, material composition and coating that have all been specially optimised for this application.

The experts at Gühring placed a major emphasis upon the interplay between chip breaker, carbide grade, coating and the design of the cutting edge – and the results are said to be excellent. During the development of the new insert, Gühring engineers advanced the chip-breaking technology considerably making it much more effective.  

Marco Bücheler, product manager for grooving tools at Gühring comments: “Process reliability equals chip breaking and chip breaking equals process reliability.”

With grooving and parting-off, a chip breaker has to work hard. It constricts the chip movement as the chip has to be narrower than the groove width and it makes the chip roll up to a compact formation and finally, it breaks the chip. When all three elements are achieved, the result is reliable chip removal and a high surface finish quality.

The Guhring 222 Parting-off blade
The Guhring 222 Parting-off blade

For safe and effective swarf removal, a targeted coolant supply is also recommended. This reduces temperatures during machining and minimises insert wear while underpinning the aim of improving surface finishes. The System 222 toolholders have a through coolant system for direct fluid supply to the cutting surface. To simplify ease of use for operators and reduce set-ups, the connection for the internal cooling is tubeless.

The ideal combination of the insert geometry, material composition and coating is the result of considerable testing by the experts at Gühring. A pre-series of tools was then produced and tested in the field by Gühring customers with the feedback being consistently very positive.

In just one example, the feed rate was increased from 0.06 to 0.08mm, which resulted in an impressive reduction in machining time with the same cutting speed. With a series run of 15,000 components, the customer made a time saving of more than five hours. Despite the higher feed rate, the Gühring insert created 40% more parts per insert edge with a 25% productivity gain.

Mr Bücheler concludes: “We have a technically flawless product. Our field tests have shown that we perform well and are competitive with this insert in a wide range of stainless steel materials.”




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