UK manufacturing industry continues growth in December, PMI shows

UK Manufacturing figures
UK Manufacturing figures

The UK manufacturing industry continued its growth in December, the latest Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) for the industry has shown.

The figures for December show strength and a dramatic improvement on the performance of recent months, at a six-month high of 54.2. This is a positive step forward compared to November’s seasonally adjusted 53.6, and the disappointing 51.1 result in October. It is also a strong figure compared to the faltering Eurozone figure of 51.4 for December.

New business has increased steadily since the drop in October, with increased industry confidence apparent for the year ahead. Stocks of purchases increased and contributed to growth in the sector. New orders are up at the highest for 10 months, coming from domestic and international markets.

Cost pressures have also eased, with input costs falling to the lowest for two and a half months. However, output costs are up, reflecting price increases being passed on to customers and poor exchange rates.

David Johnson, founding director at currency specialist, Halo Financial, commented: “Overseas demand is up, with new orders flowing in from the US, Africa, Europe, China, Brazil and India, as UK manufacturers put their Brexit preparations into practice and clients begin to build stocks in preparation for Brexit disruption. Export orders have also continued to increase, boosted by the weaker Pound.”

He continued: “Last month, we saw export markets flatten as fears about the impact of Brexit, US-China tensions and other geopolitical concerns began to bite. But, as we have been observing in the industry since the referendum, businesses are rolling up their sleeves and getting on with it, preparing for Brexit and what it might mean and taking steps to engender growth. Optimism about the future of UK manufacturing remains positive, although there is a degree of trepidation as we wade into the unknown.”

Atul Kariya, manufacturing sector lead and partner at accountants and business advisors, MHA MacIntyre Hudson, added: “There have been a few up and downs over the last 12 months and these latest figures are encouraging. In recent weeks, we have seen many businesses spring into action with their Brexit plans – this, in itself, is positive for the industry. The impact of increasing stockholdings, as the very real threat of major supply chain disruption looms post 29th March 2019, will no doubt have had an impact on these latest figures. Whether they can be sustained in the coming months with the current level of uncertainty remains to be seen.”

Francesco Arcangeli, economist at EEF, the manufacturers’ organisation said: “While the headline figure might suggest Industry has out its foot on the accelerator at the start of the year, the detail confirms that the rush to stockpile goods ahead of Brexit and the potential disruption from a no-deal scenario is now in full swing. The absence of any New Year joy from the European PMI data also confirms that the near future holds a bumpy ride for UK manufacturers.”

The Markit/CIPS UK Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index measures the performance of the manufacturing sector and is derived from a survey of 600 industrial companies. The index is based on five individual indexes with the following weights: New orders (30%), output (25%), employment (20%), suppliers’ delivery times (15%) and stock of items purchased (10%), with the delivery times index inverted so that it moves in a comparable direction.

A reading above 50 indicates an expansion of the manufacturing sector compared to the previous month; below 50 represents a contraction; while 50 indicates no change.

Halo Financial


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